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WAEC Areas of Concentration for Agricultural Science 2024/2025

WAEC Areas of Concentration for Agricultural Science 2024/2025: Agricultural Science is one of the subjects that students can choose to study in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) or the General Certificate Examination (GCE). It is a subject that covers the theory and practice of agriculture, including crop production, animal husbandry, soil science, farm management, agricultural economics, and extension.

If you are preparing for the WAEC exam in Agricultural Science, you need to know the areas of concentration that will help you to study effectively and score high marks. The areas of concentration are the topics that are most likely to be tested in the exam, based on the WAEC syllabus for Agricultural Science.

The WAEC syllabus for Agricultural Science is a document that provides a framework for teaching and learning Agricultural Science in Senior Secondary School. It outlines the objectives, content, and methods of assessment for each topic in the subject. You can download the WAEC syllabus for Agricultural Science 2024/2025 from here.

WAEC Areas of Concentration for Agricultural Science 2024/2025

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is a renowned examination body responsible for conducting and administering high school-level exams in several West African countries. One of the crucial exams they offer is the WAEC Agricultural Science exam, which assesses students’ proficiency in Agricultural Science language and literature.

To excel in the WAEC Agricultural Science exam, it is important to have a thorough understanding of the areas of concentration and key concepts covered in the syllabus. That’s where our guide on “WAEC Areas of Concentration for Agricultural Science 2024/2025” comes in.

This comprehensive guide provides students with all the necessary information, including the topics and concepts that are expected to be covered in the 2024/2025 WAEC Agricultural Science exam. It offers students an edge over their peers, by providing them with a deeper understanding of the important areas of concentration, thereby increasing their chances of success.

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Whether you’re a student preparing for the WAEC Agricultural Science exam or a teacher seeking to guide your students toward success, this guide is an invaluable resource that you can’t afford to miss. So, why wait? Get your hands on our guide now and take your preparation to the next level!

Listed below are the areas of concentration and topics that will be covered in the WAEC 2023 Agricultural Science exam:



  • Meaning and importance of agriculture
  • Problems of agricultural development and possible solutions
  • Meaning and differences between subsistence and commercial agriculture
  • Roles of government in agricultural development
  • Role of non-governmental organizations in agricultural development
  • Agricultural laws and reforms


  • Meaning and Importance of agricultural ecology
  • Land and its uses
  • Factors affecting land availability for agricultural purposes
  • Agro-allied industries and the relationship between agriculture and industry
  • Environmental factors affecting crop and animal distribution and production
  • Rock formation
  • Soil formation and profile development
  • Types, composition, and properties of soil
  • Plant nutrients and nutrient cycle
  • Irrigation
  • Drainage
  • Agricultural pollution


  • Simple farm tools
  • Farm machinery and implements
  • Maintenance practices and precautionary measures
  • Agricultural mechanization
  • Prospects of agricultural mechanization
  • Farm power
  • Farm surveying
  • Farm planning
  • Principles of farmstead planning


  • Classification of crops
  • Husbandry of selected crops
  • Pasture and forage crops
  • Crop improvement


  • Forest management
  • Agro-forestry practices in West Africa


  • Meaning and importance of ornamental plants
  • Common types of ornamental plants
  • Settings and location for planting ornamental plants.
  • Methods of cultivating ornamental plants
  • Maintenance of ornamental plants


  • Diseases of crops
  • Pests of crops
  • Weeds


  1. Types and classification of farm animals
  2. Anatomy and physiology of farm animals
  3. Animal reproduction
  4. Environmental physiology
  5. Livestock management
  6. Animal nutrition
  7. Rangeland and pasture management
  8. Animal improvement
  9. Animal health management
  10. Aquaculture
  11. Apiculture or beekeeping


  1. Basic economic principles:
  2. Factors of production:
  3. Principles of demand
  4. Principles of supply
  5. Implications of Demand and Supply for agricultural production
  6. Functions of a farm manager
  7. Problems Faced by farm managers
  8. Farm records and accounts
  9. Marketing of agricultural produce
  10. Agricultural insurance
  11. Agricultural extension



  1. Soil
  2. Soil profile
  3. Rocks
  4. Laboratory work on physical properties of soil
  5. Laboratory work on chemical properties of soil
  6. Irrigation and drainage
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  1. Farm tools and equipment
  2. Tractor and animal-drawn implement
  3. Harvesting, processing, and storage
  4. Farm Tractor
  5. Uses and maintenance of horticultural tools and implements. equipment
  6. Livestock and fishing equipment
  7. Farm surveying equipment


  1. Seeds, seedlings, fruits, and storage organs of crops
  2. Main pests and diseases of crops
  3. Planting dates, seed rates, plant population, and seed quality tests of the more common local crop plants.
  4. Preparation of seedbeds, fertilizer application, mulching, use of pesticides, watering, vegetative propagation, germination tests, etc.
  5. Forest products and by-products.
  6. Methods of propagation of horticultural plants.
  7. Common weeds


  1. Common breeds of animals and types of animals available in the locality.
  2. Major internal organs of farm animals, e.g. organs of the digestive system, reproductive and excretory systems.
  3. Animal by-products
  4. Animal feeds and feed stuff and their local sources.
  5. Main pests and parasites of farm animals.
  6. Diseases of farm animals.
  7. Routine management practices in farm animals, e.g. selection of livestock and poultry for breeding, culling, ear-notching, tattooing, horn or skin branding, debeaking, dehorning, and castration.
  8. Fish harvesting and preservation.

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Tips for Candidates to Excel in the WAEC Agricultural Science Exam

  1. Start Early: Do not wait until the last minute to start preparing for the exam. Start early, make a study plan, and stick to it. This will give you enough time to cover all the topics on the list and revise your notes.
  2. Seek Help When Necessary: If you encounter difficulties with any of the topics, do not hesitate to seek help from your teachers or tutors. They are there to help you understand the subject matter and will be more than willing to assist you.
  3. Practice Past Questions: Practicing past questions is an excellent way to prepare for the exam. It gives you an idea of the type of questions that will be asked and helps you to identify areas where you need to improve.
  4. Stay Focused and Disciplined: Avoid distractions and stay focused on your studies. It is essential to stay disciplined and manage your time effectively. This will ensure that you cover all the topics on the list and are adequately prepared for the exam.
  5. Stay Positive: Finally, stay positive and believe in yourself. Remember that you have prepared adequately, and you are capable of performing well in the exam. Stay calm and confident during the exam, and you will do just fine.
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The WAEC exam in Agricultural Science is a comprehensive test that covers a wide range of topics in the subject. By studying the areas of concentration that are based on the WAEC syllabus for Agricultural Science 2024/2025, you can prepare yourself well for the exam and achieve your desired grade. You should also practice with past questions and answers to familiarize yourself with the exam format and style. We wish you all the best in your exam!


What Are the WAEC 2023 Areas of Concentration for Agricultural Science?

The WAEC 2023 Agricultural Science exam will cover several areas of concentration and topics. These areas and topics are divided into theoretical and practical agricultural science.

In the theoretical agricultural science section, topics such as basic concepts of agriculture, agricultural ecology, agricultural engineering/mechanization, crop production, forestry, ornamental plants, crop protection, animal production, and agricultural economics and extension will be covered. Theoretical topics will cover aspects such as land use, factors affecting crop and animal distribution and production, farm machinery and implements, livestock management, and agricultural insurance.

The practical agricultural science section will cover topics such as agricultural ecology, agricultural engineering/mechanization, crop production, and animal production. Practical topics will cover aspects such as soil profile, laboratory work on physical and chemical properties of soil, irrigation and drainage, farm tools and equipment, harvesting, processing, and storage, seed quality tests, germination tests, common weeds, animal by-products, animal feeds, and routine management practices in farm animals.

It is important to note that the above areas of concentration and topics may not be exhaustive, and students should prepare adequately for the exam by studying and understanding the entire Agricultural Science syllabus for WAEC 2023.

How many papers are there in the WAEC exam for Agricultural Science?

There are three papers: Paper 1 (50 multiple-choice questions), Paper 2 (six essay questions), and Paper 3 (four practical or alternative to practical questions).

How long is each paper in the WAEC exam for Agricultural Science?

Paper 1 is 50 minutes long, Paper 2 is 2 hours and 10 minutes long, and Paper 3 is 1 hour and 30 minutes long.

How many marks are allocated for each paper in the WAEC exam for Agricultural Science?

Paper 1 is worth 50 marks, Paper 2 is worth 90 marks, and Paper 3 is worth 60 marks.


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